The United States and foreign countries have attempted to facilitate investments and exchanges as well as professional commercial services between business people who are American and qualified foreign nationals thus allowing them to cross international borders with a greater degree of frequency and legal authority.
Four visa categories have been established relative to such movement:
2. The H visa for professionals;
3. The E1 and E2 visa for importers/exporters and investors;
In order to be able to use one of these temporary visas within their framework, it is imperative that applicants be business people. The agreements define a business person to be one who is involved in the trade of goods or services or who is an active investor.
The principal objective of the immigration status is to ease travel for business people, be they American or foreigners, between reciprocal countries on the condition that they do not intend to establish a permanent residence in the U.S.A.